Source - https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/peach-fruit-benefits
10 Surprising Health Benefits and Uses of Peaches
Peaches — or Prunus persica — are small fruit with a fuzzy peel and a sweet white or yellow flesh.
They’re thought to have originated in China more than 8,000 years ago (1Trusted Source).
Peaches are related to plums, apricots, cherries, and almonds. They’re considered drupes or stone fruit because their flesh surrounds a shell that houses an edible seed.
They can be eaten on their own or added to a variety of dishes. What’s more, peaches are nutritious and may offer an array of health benefits, including improved digestion, smoother skin, and allergy relief.
Here are 10 surprising health benefits and uses of peaches.
Peaches are rich in many vitamins, minerals, and beneficial plant compounds.
One medium-sized peach (5.4 ounces or 150 grams) provides approximately (2Trusted Source):
- Calories: 58
- Protein: 1 gram
- Fat: less than 1 gram
- Carbs: 14 grams
- Fiber: 2 grams
- Vitamin C: 17% of the Daily Value (DV)
- Vitamin A: 10% of the DV
- Potassium: 8% of the DV
- Niacin: 6% of the DV
- Vitamin E: 5% of the DV
- Vitamin K: 5% of the DV
- Copper: 5% of the DV
- Manganese: 5% of the DV
Peaches also offer smaller amounts of magnesium, phosphorus, iron, and some B vitamins.
In addition, they’re packed with antioxidants — beneficial plant compounds that combat oxidative damage and help protect your body against aging and disease. The fresher and riper the fruit, the more antioxidants it contains (3Trusted Source, 4Trusted Source, 5Trusted Source, 6Trusted Source).
In one study, juice from fresh peaches demonstrated antioxidant actions in healthy men within 30 minutes of consumption (7Trusted Source).
Fresh and canned peaches seem to have similar amounts of vitamins and minerals — as long as canned varieties are unpeeled (8Trusted Source, 9).
However, fresh peaches have higher levels of antioxidants and appear to be more effective at protecting against oxidative damage than canned ones (9, 10Trusted Source).
SUMMARYPeaches are high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They also contain beneficial plant compounds like antioxidants, which can help protect your body from aging and disease.
Peaches may contribute to healthy digestion.
One medium-sized fruit provides about 2 grams of fiber — half of which is soluble fiber, while the other half is insoluble (2Trusted Source, 11Trusted Source).
Insoluble fiber adds bulk to your stool and helps move food through your gut, reducing the likelihood of constipation (12Trusted Source).
On the other hand, soluble fiber provides food for beneficial bacteria in your intestines. In turn, these bacteria produce short-chain fatty acids — such as acetate, propionate, and butyrate — which feed the cells of your gut.
Short-chain fatty acids in your gut may also help reduce inflammation and improve symptoms of digestive disorders like Crohn’s disease, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and ulcerative colitis (13Trusted Source, 14Trusted Source, 15Trusted Source).
Peach flowers are another part of the fruit that may benefit digestion. They’re commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat digestive disorders.
Animal research shows that compounds found in the flowers may effectively increase the strength and frequency of gut contractions, which helps maintain the proper rhythm to push food along smoothly (16Trusted Source).
While studies often use peach flower extract, an herbal tea made from the flowers is commonly consumed in Korea (17Trusted Source).
SUMMARYPeaches contain fiber, which contributes to smooth digestion and a lower risk of gut disorders. Peach flowers also provide certain compounds that appear to support a healthy gut.
Regularly eating fruit — including peaches — may promote heart health.
Peaches may lower risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure and cholesterol levels (18Trusted Source).
What’s more, test-tube studies show that peaches may bind to bile acids — compounds produced by your liver from cholesterol.
The bound bile acids — together with the cholesterol they contain — are eventually excreted through your feces, which may help lower blood cholesterol levels (19).
Additional test-tube and animal studies found that peaches may reduce total and “bad” LDL cholesterol levels, as well as blood pressure and triglyceride levels (20, 21, 22Trusted Source).
Research in obese rats further reported that peach juice may lower levels of the hormone angiotensin II that raises blood pressure (22Trusted Source, 23Trusted Source).
While these effects seem promising, more studies are needed to confirm them in humans.
SUMMARYPeaches contain compounds that may help reduce risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure, as well as triglyceride and cholesterol levels. However, more studies in humans are needed.
Peaches may have protective effects that help keep your skin healthy.
Test-tube studies indicate that compounds found in peaches may improve your skin’s ability to retain moisture — thus improving skin texture (24Trusted Source).
What’s more, both test-tube and animal studies show that extracts made from peach flowers or flesh applied directly to the skin may help prevent UV damage (25, 26Trusted Source, 27).
Peach flower extracts were also found to delay the development of skin tumors in mice (28Trusted Source).
However, more research in humans is needed before conclusions can be drawn.
SUMMARYCompounds in peaches and peach flowers may help keep your skin healthy by maintaining moisture and protecting against sun damage. However, more research is needed.
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Like most fruits, peaches provide beneficial plant compounds that may offer some protection against various cancers.
Specifically, peach skin and flesh are rich in carotenoids and caffeic acid — two types of antioxidants found to have anticancer properties (29Trusted Source, 30Trusted Source, 31, 32Trusted Source).
Test-tube and animal research has also shown that compounds in peach seeds may limit the growth of non-cancerous skin tumors and prevent them from turning into cancerous ones (33Trusted Source).
Not to mention, peaches are full of polyphenols — a category of antioxidants shown to reduce the growth and limit the spreading of cancer cells in test-tube studies (34Trusted Source).
Peach polyphenols may have the ability to kill cancerous cells as well, without causing any damage to healthy ones (35Trusted Source).
In one animal study, these polyphenols were particularly effective at preventing a specific type of breast cancer from growing and spreading.
Researchers reported that a person would need to eat about two to three peaches a day to consume an amount of polyphenols equivalent to that used in the study (34Trusted Source).
In another study, postmenopausal women who consumed at least 2 peaches or nectarines each day had a 41% lower risk of breast cancer over 24 years (36Trusted Source).
However, few studies have been done in humans, so more research is needed.
SUMMARYCompounds found in peaches may offer some protection against cancer by limiting the formation, growth, and spread of cancerous cells. However, more studies are needed to confirm these benefits.
Peaches may reduce allergy symptoms.
When your body is exposed to an allergen, it releases histamines, or chemicals made by your immune system to help rid your body of the allergen.
Histamines are part of your body’s defense system and trigger allergy symptoms like sneezing, itching, or coughing.
Research shows that peaches may help reduce allergy symptoms by preventing the release of histamines in the blood (37Trusted Source).
Moreover, test-tube studies report that peach extracts may be effective as well and limit the inflammation commonly seen in allergic reactions (38Trusted Source, 39Trusted Source).
However, more research is needed to determine the strength of these effects in people with allergies.
SUMMARYPeaches may help lower your immune system’s response to allergens, thus reducing allergy symptoms. However, more studies — particularly in humans — are needed.
Peaches may offer several other health benefits. The most well-researched include:
- May boost immunity: Peaches are rich in immune-boosting nutrients and antioxidants. Test-tube studies report that they may also fight certain types of bacteria (40Trusted Source).
- May protect against certain toxins: In one study, peach extracts given to smokers increased the removal of nicotine through the urine (41Trusted Source).
- May reduce blood sugar levels: Studies show that compounds found in peaches may help prevent high blood sugar levels and insulin resistance in obese rats (22Trusted Source).
That said, these studies were small, and most of these benefits have not been observed in humans.
SUMMARYPeaches may boost immunity, rid the body of toxins, and reduce blood sugar levels. However, research in these areas is limited.
Peaches are easy to find and can be added to your diet in many ways.
They can be eaten raw, baked, grilled, broiled, or sautéed and are easily incorporated into warm or cold dishes alike.
For instance, fresh peaches make a great nutrient-rich snack and can be eaten either on their own or topped with yogurt and a handful of nuts.
Peaches can be added to salads or stirred into a hearty chickpea curry. They add an unexpected touch to salsa and are also a popular ingredient in many desserts.
Lastly, peaches can be blended into a smoothie or gently mashed to add flavor to your water.
SUMMARYPeaches are widely available and can be eaten in a variety of ways. Enjoy them on their own or easily incorporate them into main dishes, sides, smoothies, or desserts.
Peaches come in a wide range of varieties — some white, others yellow. White peaches are sweeter, while yellow ones tend to be more tart.
When selecting peaches, typically the sweeter their smell, the riper they will be. Try to avoid brownish, bruised, or wrinkled fruits, which are either damaged or overripe. Instead, look for peaches with a hard or only slightly soft flesh.
You can tell a peach is ripe and ready to eat when you press down on its flesh and feel it slightly give.
Peaches continue to ripen after they’re picked. So if your peaches are too firm, try setting them on your countertop in a single layer for one to three days.
Ripe peaches last about one week at room temperature. If you don’t plan to eat them within this timeframe, it’s best to store them in your refrigerator to avoid over-ripening.
Ripe peaches can also be frozen, but it’s best to first slice them and coat their flesh with a bit of lemon juice to avoid browning.
Peaches can be purchased canned or frozen as well. Keep in mind that canned peaches tend to contain fewer antioxidants than fresh or frozen peaches, and for a healthier choice, try opting for a variety packed in water instead of syrup (9, 10Trusted Source).
SUMMARYIt’s best to purchase fresh peaches that are either under-ripe or slightly ripe. Fresh peaches are the most nutritious, followed by frozen and then canned. If buying canned, it’s best to choose a variety packed in water without added sugars.
Peaches are rich in many vitamins, minerals, and beneficial plant compounds.
They’re easily incorporated into a variety of dishes and may offer impressive health benefits, including healthier skin, fewer allergy symptoms, and improved digestion and heart health.
Peaches also appear to be linked to a lower risk of certain cancers and may boost immunity, protect against toxins, and lower blood sugar levels.
All in all, it’s a fruit well worth adding to your diet.